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和记娱好:在FreeBSD下安装mysql5的注意点



FreeBSD 4.x or newer is recommended for running MySQL, because the thread package is much more integrated. To get a secure and stable system, you should use only FreeBSD kernels that are marked -RELEASE.

The easiest (and preferred) way to install MySQL is to use the mysql-server and mysql-client ports available at http://www.freebsd.org/. Using these ports gives you the following benefits:

A working MySQL with all optimizations enabled that are known to work on your version of FreeBSD.

Automatic configuration and build.

Startup scripts installed in /usr/local/etc/rc.d.

The ability to use pkg_info -L to see which files和记娱好 are installed.

The ability to use pkg_delete to remove MySQL if you no longer want it on your machine.

It is recommended you use MIT-pthreads on FreeBSD 2.x, and native threads on Versions 3 and up. It is possible to run with native threads on some late 2.2.x versions, but you may encounter problems shutting down mysqld.

Unfortunately, certain function calls on FreeBSD are not yet fully thread-safe. Most notably, this includes the gethostbyname() function, which is used by MySQL to convert hostnames into IP addresses. Under certain circumstances, the mysqld process suddenly causes 100% CPU load and is unresponsive. If you encounter this problem, try to start MySQL using the --skip-name-resolve option.

Alternatively, you can link MySQL on FreeBSD 4.x against the LinuxThreads library, which avoids a few of the problems that the native FreeBSD thread implementation has. For a very good comparison of LinuxThreads versus native threads, see Jeremy Zawodny's article FreeBSD or Linux for your MySQL Server? at http://jeremy.zawodny.com/blog/archives/000697.html.

Known problem when using Lin和记娱好uxThreads on FreeBSD is:

The connection times (wait_timeout, interactive_timeout and net_read_timeout) values are not honored. The symptom is that persistent connections can hang for a very long time without getting closed down and that a 'kill' for a thread will not take affect until the thread does it a new command

This is probably a signal handling problem in the thread library where the signal doesn't break a pending read. This is supposed to be fixed in FreeBSD 5.0

The MySQL build process requires GNU make (gmake) to work. If GNU m和记娱好ake is not available, you must install it first before compiling MySQL.

The recommended way to compile and install MySQL on FreeBSD with gcc (2.95.2 and up) is:

CC=gcc CFLAGS="-O2 -fno-strength-reduce" \

CXX=gcc CXXFLAGS="-O2 -fno-rtti -fno-exceptions \

-felide-constructors -fno-strength-reduce" \

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --enable-assembler

gmake

gmake install

cd /usr/local/mysql

bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql

bin/mysqld_safe &

If you notice that configure uses MIT-pthreads, you should read the MIT-pthreads notes.

If you get an error from make install that it can't find /usr/include/pthreads, configure didn't detect that you need MIT-pthreads. To fix this problem, remove config.cache, then re-run configure with the --with-mit-threads option.

Be s和记娱好ure that your name resolver setup is correct. Otherwise, you may experience resolver delays or failures when connecting to mysqld. Also make sure that the localhost entry in the /etc/hosts file is 和记娱好correct. The file should start with a line similar to this:

127.0.0.1localhost localhost.your.domain

FreeBSD is known to have a very low default file handle limit. Start the server by using the --open-files-limit option for mysqld_safe, or raise the limits for the mysqld user in /etc/login.conf and rebuild it with cap_mkdb /etc/login.conf. Also be sure that you set the appropriate class for this user in the password file if you are not using the default (use chpass mysqld-user-name).

If you have a lot of memory, you should consider rebuilding the kernel to allow MySQL to use more than 512MB of RAM. Take a look at option MAXDSIZ in the LINT config file for more information.

If you get problems with the current date in MySQL, setting the TZ variable should help.

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